WordPress Glossary

Absolute Path

Absolute Path is the complete location of a file or directory inside a computer filesystem. Also referred to as full path, it starts at the root directory of the computer memory and continues to the specific file or folder selected by the user. This is different from a relative path because relative paths do not start at the root directory.

The syntax of an absolute path is different in each operating system.In Microsoft Windows, it starts with a drive letter and separates each directory name with a backslash.Absolute paths in macOS and Linux separate directories with a forward slash and lack drive letters.

Example:

  • Windows: C:\Users\WordPress\example\image\puppy.jpg
  • macOS: /Users/WordPress/example/image/puppy.jpg
  • Linux: /home/WordPress/example/image/puppy.jpg

Absolute URI

A URI (Unified Resource Identifier) contains the complete location of a resource over a network. Unlike a relative URI, the address contains the scheme and domain name of the URI. Some people also call it ‘full URI’.

Examples:

  • http://www.abcd.com/web-blog/images/puppy.jpg
  • https://mydomain.com/images/puppy.jpg

Action

Action is a PHP function used at certain points throughout the code of WordPress Core files.Developers use the function to customize pre-defined Actions by using the Action API.

For instance, a developer can add code to the footer of a Theme by writing a new function and attributing it to the WordPress footer action.

Admin Bar

The Admin Baris an area that gives users quick access to admin features. Users can use options like adding a new post or editing their profile after they log in.

Developers introduced the Admin bar concept WordPress Version 3.1, but it was replaced in WordPress Version 3.3 by the Toolbar option.

Ahrefs

Ahrefs is a new link research tool that has various unique research features. A user can perform anything from backlink research, competitive analysis, content research,and keyword research to rank tracking and web monitoring.The developers of the tool claim that it uses information from over a trillion website connections.

Ajax

Ajax(Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a set of techniques in web development that enables webpages to communicate with servers without reloading. For instance, if you publish a comment in a WordPress blog, WordPress will use Ajax to change comments without reloading the comments section.

Apache

Apache is a robust open-source HTTP Web server software developed by the Apache Software Foundation. The software is the most popular web server and is available on every major platform, such as Windows macOS and Linux-based platforms. It serves as a strong foundation for publishing WordPress-powered websites.

Atom

Atom is a format for broadcasting content on news websites. Atom-aware programs called news readers or aggregators then make the content viewable.

Autosave

The Autosave feature automatically saves everything written or edited in posts and pages every two minutes. The lower right corner of the editor screen is displayed when the last entry gets saved in the database. Each autosave operation overwrites the last version.

Back-End

The back-end is the portion of any website that only authorized users can access and add, remove, or modify content through. Generally, people refer to it as the “admin,” “administration area,” or “WordPress”.

Binaries

Binaries are executable or compiled computer programs. A number of open-source projects that re-compile from source code have pre-compiled binaries for popular operating systems and platforms.

Blog

A blog is an online journal published by a single person or group of people.Also referred to as “web-blogs,” blogs are typically used by individuals and peer groups. It is not uncommon for companies or organizations to sponsor blogs about their products and services as well.

Blogs contain both private and public content. Therefore, many authors restrict access to their blogs, depending on the functionality used in the CMS software. Some writers even enable passwords for blogs that are too personal to share with everyone.

Blogosphere

Blogosphere is the portion of a website that contains or relates to blogs.

Blog Roll

A blogroll is a list of links that connect to various blogs or news websites. Often, services publish a blogroll that tracks every update of each website om the blogroll list.Wordpress removed the default blogroll in its 3.5version.

Bookmarklet

A bookmarklet is a unique bookmark that contains JavaScript commands for adding new features to a browser. Web browsers save these scripts as the URL of a bookmark or as hyperlinks on a web-page.

Boolean

Boolean is a variable or expression, which is equal to either true or false.

Category

We can classify every post in WordPress under one or more categories. Through this classification, we can group posts that have similar content and make navigation of the site website easier. However, a post category is different from a link category (classifies and manages links).

Capabilities

A capability of a user is the restriction on performing specific types of tasks. Every WordPress user has some permission that relates to their roles in WordPress. For instance, if a user has the role of an “Author,” he or she may edit their own posts but don’t have the permission to edit the posts of other users. In total, WordPress has 6 roles and more than fifty capabilities.

CGI

CGI or Common Gateway Interface is a setting for server-side communication scripts. Developers design these specifications to transfer information between server-side and client-side (browser).

Character Set

A character set is a group of symbols that represents meaningful words in a language when used together. Computers have an encoding scheme, so they store members of a character set with a numeric value (i.e., 0=A, 1=B, 2=C, 3=D). When used with Collation, it defines how data would be stored in a database. WordPress uses the Unicode UTF-8 character set by default.

Class

In webpage styling, a ‘class’ is a collection of styles attributes applied to any HTML element. However, in the context of computing, it refers to a blueprint for objects in object-oriented programming.

Codex

The Codex is an online manual for WordPress users. People use this collection of articles to learn how to use WordPress.

Collation

Collation is the order in which letters, numbers, and symbols in a character set are sorted. For instance, since WordPress uses the UTF-8 (utf8) character set, MYSQL assigns the “utf8_general_ci ”collation to WordPress MySQL database tables. Since Version2.2, WordPress uses the wp-config.php file to define collation and character set.

Comments

A comment is a feature of blogs that records responses from readers.Admins can control and regulate comments using filters for language and content. They can also be queued for approval by the admin before they become visible on a web site.

Content

Content is the collection of text, images, and other information shared in a post. This is the information an author wants to convey to his or her audience.

Content Management System

A Content Management System (CMS) is software that updates or maintains the content on a website but not its design. For instance, a blogging tool can serve as a CMS.

cPanel

cPanel is a web-based administration tool that allows users to configure their own accounts with the help of an easy-to-use interface.

CSS

Cascading Style Sheets or CSS is a programming language used for styling webpages. It allows designers to create custom formatting and layout for each website,regardless of its content.

Dashboard

In WordPress, a Dashboard is the administration screen for any website, weblog, or network of sites. It presents a summary of a website or network, including all the external information related to them.

Database

In computing terms, a database is a software used for managing information in an organized manner. Generally, WordPress uses relational databases such as MySQL or MariaDB for storing and retrieving information, such as the content of a blog.

Database Version

In WordPress, the database version represents the number of times WordPress’ method of organizing data was changed. It is different from the version in database software, such as MySQL or MariaDB.

WordPress stores its database version as “db_version” in the database of every WordPress site.

Default Theme

Each installation of WordPress contains a default theme, which it uses whenever an active theme is lost or deleted.Each WordPress version has had its own default theme:

Deprecated

Deprecated functions or template tags are elements of WordPress that are no longer supported by WordPress and will become obsolete soon.

DIV

A DIV is an element in HTML that divides a section of code for a webpage. Developers use DIV extensively to apply CSS styling to blog elements.

Divi

Divi is a multi-purpose WordPress theme developed by ElegantThemes.Since its release, Divi ha attracted a lot of attention from WordPress users. According to the ElegantThemes website, 600,000 customers have bought the Divi theme. It has an attractive design and various unique features such as the Divi page builder tool.

DNS

The Domain Name System ( DNS) maps domain names of websites to IP addresses. Whenever anyone uses a web browser to visit a website, the browser extracts the website’s domain name from the URL before connecting to the website.

DOM

The Document Object Model (DOM) is a platform-independent interface,which allows programmers to access HTML and XML. Through DOM, developers can control the content and structure of documents and connect programming scripts to web pages.

Domain Name

A domain name is a string of text used for identification on the Internet. In WordPress, however, a domain name represents a server where WordPress has been installed. Therefore, the DNS maps the domain name of the server to its IP address. For instance, the domain name abcd12345.com maps to the IP address 192.67.0. 5. It is not uncommon for a number of different domain names to be mapped to the same IP address.

Draft

A draft is a WordPress post that is saved but hasn’t been published yet.

Excerpt

An excerpt is the summarized description of a blog post. Some WordPress themes can generate the excerpt automatically. WordPress users can also enter this summary in Excerpt field on the Post Edit screen.

Facebook Ads

Facebook Ads are advertisements you can display on the popular social networking platform, Facebook. Users can set up their WordPress account to share your website events with the help of facebook.

Feed

WordPress feed is a function of software that allows “FeedReader” to access a website. With the help of this function, users constantly get information regarding new content posted on a certain website or topic.

Feed Reader

A feedreader gathers and displays information about new content from various websites to a single place.

Filter

In WordPress, a filter is a function associated with an existing Action. These functions modify data of other functions without affecting global variables or outputs. They are different from custom Actions and allow developers to replace specific data within an existing Action.

Front End

The “Front End” is the graphical interface of the website that visitors view and interact with. This portion is created with the help of several languages, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, although there are many other options as well.

FTP

The File Transfer Protocol is a client-server protocol used for transferring files. It provides a standard for websites to download files, is also commonly used for uploading files to a server.

FTP client is a program that uploads files to or downloads files from, an FTP server. If you’re using a hosting provider, it’s essential to use an FTP client for uploading WordPress files to the webserver.

GMT

Greenwich Mean Time or GMT is the original place from where all other the time zones were measured. It represents the time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England. The term has been replaced by “Universal Time, Coordinated”or UTC.

Gravatar

A gravatar is a graphic image or picture that represents a user, which makes it pretty similar to an Avatar. However, the gravatar is globally acknowledged and associated with a user’s email address.

A user can generate this graphic image by using a service like Gravatar.com. Site owners can also configure their website in a way that the gravatar of its users is displayed alongside their comments.

GUI

The Graphical User Interface (GUI) is an interface where users can interact with an application. Users can point their mouse or the cursor to graphical icons of software to use it.

Gutenberg

Gutenberg is a new, block-oriented editor. The editor uses separate blocks to develop all types of content on WordPress. It is a great way to customize WordPress and provides a uniform way of working with the website.

The editor has helped WordPress to meet the modern coding standards and has aligned it with several other open web initiatives.

Hack

A hack is a piece of code written to customize or improve the functionality of a software product. Previous versions of WordPress used to have a hack-based extension system. However, from versions 1.2 onwards, WordPress uses a Plugin APIs with containing hooks for extensions.

Hacking

Basically, the term Hacking was used to describe the process of writing code to improve a piece of software. The term was later used to describe having proficiency in something. However, now people associate the term with breaking into a computer system with malicious intent.

Header Image

A Header Image is a large image appearing at the top of a WordPress website.

Hook

In technical terms, a “hook” is an event invoked by the “do action()” or “apply filters()” function call. These function calls trigger every function related to Action and Filter functions hooked to a certain event with the help of “add action()” and “add filter()” respectively.

In WordPress, developers specify all hooks present in Actions and Filters. Since Hooks are required by both Actions and Filter, it’s possible that you hear phrases such as“Filter Hooks”and “Action Hooks” regularly.

Moreover, this is a certain level of confusion in the usage of Hook. Many people use the terms “actions,” “filters,” and “hooks” interchangeably.

Hosting Provider

A hosting provider is any organization or company that provides infrastructure for making information accessible through the web. The hosting service does this with the help of a webserver.

To run the webserver, you need supporting software such as Apache and PHP, MySQL,FTP, or MariaDB. People operating these servers often use Linux or Unix based operating systems on these servers because they are less likely to be affected with viruses.

.htaccess

The .htaccess file is a granular configuration file used with Apache webserver software. The file helps to set or alter the server’s configuration settings in the directory it is present at that time. You can also configure the settings of the child directories associated with the directory the .htaccess file is in.

WordPress uses .htaccess files along with the mod_rewrite module in Apache to create permalinks.

You should remember that the .htaccess is hidden in Unix/Linux. This happens because of the preceding. In its name. Therefore, the file might not be visible if FTP clients use default settings.

HTML

The Hypertext Markup Language or HTML is a markup language used for structuring and describing the semantic content of web pages. Web developers use it conjunction with CSS and JavaScript to design the basic structure of websites.

When WordPress renders web pages, it conforms them to the HTML5 standard. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the organization that has set the standard for the mark-up language.

IP Address

An IP address is a unique ID (e.g., 84.124.56.99) assigned to each device so that it can communicate with other devices over a network while using the Internet Protocol. These addresses are assigned to every device that’s connected to the Internet. Devices can range from computers, webservers, phones, to TVs, washing machines or any other device connected to a network.

However, the assignment of an IP address does not mean that the device will always carry the same IP address. In a network of several devices, the assignment of an IP address can change depending on the use of the internet.

Normally, webservers have a single IP address, but many hosting services assign several IP addresses to one server for running multiple websites on the same server. These software-defined servers are known as virtual servers.

Every domain name corresponds to at least one IP address. Since IP addresses are long numerical strings, they are difficult to remember. A domain name provides an easier alternative of accessing internet resources than IP addresses.

However, only a small group of IP addresses are associated with a domain name. Mostly, hosting services reserve domain names only for web servers.

ISAPI

The ISAPI (short for Internet Server Application Programming Interface) is a set of programming standards that allows programmers to develop efficient Web-based applications easily. The standard was developed by Process Software in collaboration with Microsoft Corporation. The goal for creating the standard was to replace CGI programs.

JavaScript

JavaScript is a robust client-side programming language mainly used for web development. WordPress leverages JavaScript to perform processing tasks that are difficult for servers to do.

Using JavaScript in WordPress can users decrease server requests on a website and make them faster. It also gives developers the flexibility to create web-based applications that function like desktop programs.

Linux

Created by Linus Torvalds, Linux is an open-source operating system for computers. It is quite similar to the Unix operating and is popular in high-performing computing environments. People consider Linux as the ideal operating system for running a webserver. The operating system uses computing resources more optimally than other popular operating systems like Windows and Mac OS.

MariaDB

MariaDB is a relational database system designed with the combined effort of several original developers of MySQL. Although MYSQL is popular, the MariaDB database management system works equally well with WordPress.

Meta

Meta generally refers to ‘information about’ something. In WordPress terminology, meta is referred to administrative information.

Meta Tags provide concise information about webpages. A search engine can search for information such as author, copyright, description, keywords, type of document, etc. and ranks them according to how relevant information each tag contains.

Many websites created through WordPress offer a Meta section. You can find this section in the sidebar where it will have links to login or register at that website.

Microformats

Microformats provide a structure for software programs to read information from web pages without making these webpages visually different. These formats add semantics to the generic HTML markup of the website. This helps these programs understand the meaning of certain parts of the web page content as humans do.

In short, microformats help programs identify points of interest in a webpage. For instance, you can apply them to a webpage for making it easier to extract contact information from a user profile. Some themes and Plugins offer support for microformats in WordPress.

MIME

MIME (short for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension) and is an Internet standard that supports various email features in an email format. It supports the inclusion of text in character set other than ASCII, non-text attachments, and header information in non-ASCII character sets. Moreover, it also supports multiple parts in the message body of an email. However, MIME is also being used for describing content type in general.

Moblogging

Moblogging is referred to as the act of posting a blog via mobile devices. That mobile device can be anything from a mobile phone, tablet to a smartphone.

mod_rewrite

The mod_rewrite module is an extension module of the Apache webserver used for rewriting URLs directly. The mod_rewrite module uses regular expressions to parse the characters of the URL requested by the client. It then translates the URL into a different URL. It then serves the content of the new URL under the original URL. WordPress uses mod_rewrite for creating a permalink structure and multisite networks.

Multisite

Introduced in WordPress 3.0, the multisite feature that allows a single WordPress site to support a network of multiple virtual sites.

MySQL

MySQL is another popular open-source SQL (Structured Query Language) relational database management system. The database implementation is available for several platforms, including Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux, Unix.

WordPress needs a MySQL database to store all information if its blog. This includes information about metadata, posts, and comments in a blog post.

Newsreader

A NewsReader is a type of Magazine, Multi-Purpose Newspaper, or Blog WordPress theme. These themes are best-suited for websites meant for delivering news about ongoing trends in Technology, Video, Healthy, Fashion, Sport, Travel, etc . Users can use NewsReader WordPress theme for both big news portal websites and personal blogs.

Nonce

Nonce denotes a number or key that’s used once. WordPress leverages from Nonces to protect forms and URLs from malicious hack attempts by cybercriminals. For instance, whenever an admin deletes a comment on the moderation screen, WordPress updates the URL with a nonce key, like the one below: http://www.wpglossaryexample.com/wp-admin/comment.php?c=16570&action=deletecomment&_wpnonce=425c3b65b7

Whenever a URL containing a nonce key executes, it must go through a verification check. If the check fails, WordPress will return a 403 Forbidden response along with an error message saying, ‘Are you sure you want to do this?’.

A nonce is a mandatory security system for WordPress features and functions that have to use query strings in URL for performing actions. WordPress generates unique nonces through NONCE_KEY and NONCE_SALT.

Open Source

In computer programming, open-source denotes to a computer program whose source code is available for everyone to study and use. WordPress too is an open-source software. Therefore, anyone can use it, study, modify or redistribute its source code. The open-source software often allows others to improve it through testing, bug reporting, and constructing patches.

Perl

Perl is a general-purpose programming language that stands for “Practical Extraction and Report Language.”. At its core, it is a scripting language with a similar syntax to C/C++. Web programmers regularly use it to create scripts for Web servers. Perl is exceptionally good at parsing text. For this reason, web programmers use it most for reading or searching through text files.

Permissions

In computer file systems, each file, folder or directory hs certain permissions that dictate who can read, write, modify, or execute those components of the file system. This is extremely important because WordPress might need access for writing files in the wp-content directory to enable specific functions.

To handle the actions of permissions, WordPress has different permission modes. Each permission code is represented by different numbers. You can see the composition of permission modes below:

  • Read: 4 – Allow file reading
  • Write: 2 – Allows file writing/modification
  • eXecute: 1 – Allows reading/writing/modification/deletion/directory access

PHP

PHP is another programming and scripting language widely used in web programming. Web programmers use it for creating dynamic and interactive websites. WordPress is also written with the help of PHP used as a scripting language. Like WordPress, PHP is also available as an Open-source.

Basically, PHP is a server-side programming language, and programmers use it of exchanging information from servers. For instance, whenever a user requests a web page containing PHP code, that code is processed by a PHP module installed on that particular web server. After that, the PHP pre-processor generates HTML output and displays it on the user’s browser screen.

phpMyAdmin

Like many components in web programming, phpMyAdmin is also free and available as open-source. It is an administration tool for MariaDB and MySQL. phpMyAdmin is one of the most popular MySQL administration tools. Programmers use it as a portable web application for web hosting services.

Ping

Ping is a simple Internet program that people use for verifying whether a particular IP address exists and can accept requests or not.

Ping operates by exchanging an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Requests. It sends these requests to a specified interface on the network and then waits for a reply. Ping is widely used for troubleshooting connectivity problems and determining response time. Many network administrators use Ping to diagnose whether or not a host computer is operating.

Pingback

Pingback is an operation used to notify bloggers when you have linked their articles on your WordPress website. Besides some small technical differences, it is basically the same as a trackback.

If other authors or bloggers have a website that supports pingback, then they will receive notifications when you link to their articles. However, they have the option to allow the link to appear on their website or not. Depending on how a WordPress theme has been configured, pingbacks on the site may or may not display an excerpt of content from the blog.

Plugin

plugins are pieces of software that contain a specific group of functions. These programs are used to add new features or to extend the functionalities to a WordPress website. Usually, programmers write WordPress plugins in PHP and then integrate it with WordPress.

Because plugins are an extremely efficient way for adding new features, they are quite common in WordPress websites. Plugins are sold and distributed as ready-to-use additions to a WordPress website. It helps people to add advanced features to their website without writing a single line of code.

Port

In networking, a port is a communication endpoint in computers. These ports exist as wireless connections as well as physical connections terminated at ports of hardware devices. Within an operating system, at a virtual level, ports are logical constructs determines the type of network service or identifies a specific process in networking.

Post

In WordPress, posts are blog content that is listed in reverse chronological order. This means that the latest content displays at the top of your blog page. Usually, users utilize posts for the majority of their website content.

Since website managers publish WordPress posts according to time and date, these posts are syndicated through the RSS feeds. These features allow you to update and notify readers about the most recent post update through RSS feeds.

Post Slug

A post slug is a collection of lowercase words separated by dashes. The string is usually derived from the Post title and describes the post in some way. It translates the title readable and adds it to the permalink. Post slugs are useful in situations where post titles are long or change frequently.

Post Type

Post type refers to a characterization used to maintain posts in the WordPress posts table. The table has the following built-in or native registered post types:

  • post
  • page
  • attachment
  • revision
  • nav-menu-item

Users can also define a custom post type in WordPress with the help of the register_post_type() function. WordPress developers use custom post types to allow users to create and manage projects, portfolios, podcasts, video libraries, quotes, and chats easily.

Query

A query is a request for anything or a process that runs behind the scenes. Generally, the term is used for information retrieval from any source such as database tables or combinations of tables.

Query String

Query strings are sequences of codes in a URI that dictates the web page about what kind of dynamic data it has to display. The query string begins after the initial question mark in the URI. It may contain various parameters separated by the ‘%’ sign.

WordPress utilizes query strings for defining the criteria to search for specific posts (or sets of posts) in the database. However, using query strings can delay the indexing of dynamic pages by search engines. Therefore, it is better to use methods like ‘mod_rewrite’ to hide query strings from search engines or any site visitors.

Query Variable

If you pass a variable through a query string, it is known as a query variable. For instance, in the query string, there are two variables: i.e., category_name and feed.

  • ?category_name=tech&feed=atom,

QuickTag

Quicktags are one-click buttons or shortcuts that insert HTML code into posts. For instance, HTML tags like <i> (italics) and </i> (stop italics) are examples of Quicktags. There are usually single line tags. Some of them (i.e., <!–contactform–>) are useful for inserting HTML comment code in plugins to perform certain actions like replacing text.

RDF

RDF is an acronym for Resource Description Framework. It is a language used for describing the locations of resources on the web. WordPress has the ability to produce output in the RDF format for describing the location of all posts. This method is quite similar to RSS, and WordPress developers use it for content syndication.

Relative Path

Relative paths are locations of files and display the current working directory. These paths don’t begin with a slash (/). They differ from absolute paths as they don’t display the exact location of the source.

Relative URI

A relative URI is also known as a relative link. The address represents a partial URI used for interpreting or resolving relative to a given base URI. On the online web, there are two kinds of relative URI, namely one that has relative path while the other is a relative URI with an absolute path.

For instance:

  • relative URI with an absolute path:
    http://domain.example/images/icecream.jpg
  • relative URI with a relative path:
    http://domain.example/icecream/chocolate.html

RSS

‘Really Simple Syndication’ or RSS is a format used for syndicating different types of content. This format syndicates everything from blog entries, video clips to torrent files, and news-like sites. However, WordPress developers frequently use the format for keeping an updated feed of the latest content on a website.

The feed in RSS may contain either the full text or a summary of the content. It is an efficient way to notify people about the latest content in an automated manner.

RTL

Written languages are considered as RTL or Right-to-left when their script flows from the right side of the page to the left side of the page. The following are some languages that have an RTL scripting format:

  • Arabic.
  • Aramaic.
  • Azeri.
  • Dhivehi/Maldivian.
  • Hebrew.
  • Kurdish (Sorani)
  • Persian/Farsi.
  • Urdu.

SEMrush

SEMrush is an online tool used for finding profitable keywords. Since SEO is at the forefront of successful blogs, many bloggers use it to optimize their websites by creating the content their audience wants.

SEMrush is effective against researching keywords, checking inbound links, keeping track of keyword ranking, and doing a complete SEO audit of blogs

SEO audit

SEO audits relate to the process of analyzing how a website compares with the best practices set for websites. After identifying what your website lacks, you can create a measure implementation plan that can improve your website’s performance.

Experts recommend SEO audits on a regular basis because they serve as an essential health check for the website. An audit can identify foundational problems with your website, some of which are mentioned below:

  • Potential off-site problems
  • Website structure issues
  • Technical SEO issues
  • Content gaps and opportunities
  • On-page SEO issues
  • User experience issues
  • Competitive marketplace insights

Shortcode

Shortcode is a way of embedding snippets of PHP code into content items of a website such as the body of a page.

Site

In a WordPress interface, a site is a website created through WordPress. Alternatively, it can also be a virtual website created as part of a network for a multisite. A site is called virtual when it does not have its own directory even though it has its own URL and uses the same domain name. If a WordPress user utilizes multisite and the site is a network website, then each individual virtual website is known as a blog.

Slug

A slug is a user-friendly version of the post title that describes the post or the page. Normally, WordPress creates slugs automatically, but you can change them into anything you like. The purpose of slugs is to be used with permalinks for describing the content a webpage contains.

For instance, in “https://wordpress.org/myhomepage/27846/09/example12345/” , the part thjat says “example12345” is the slug.

Spam

Spam is a term synonymous with everything that’s wrong with the internet. Normally, people use it for referring to unsolicited forms of advertisement, popularly sent through emails. Spam works around the concept that sending bulks of unsolicited ads can help you make lots of money even if you fool a small number of people.

The reason that spams are so common is that sending emails in bulk is not a problem for cybercriminals. Spammers use different methods for employing bots and distributing electronic junk mail to millions of IPs and email addresses across the world.

What makes tracking these spammers so difficult to track is that they hijack the email addresses of other people to send spam. As a result, even if it appears that your friend has sent the spam, it’s because the spammer’s bot is using your friend’s email address for hiding the true source of spam.

SSH

‘Secure Shell’ or SSH is a communication protocol used for connecting remote computers over TCP/IP protocols. WordPress developers can use various authentication methods to make SSH more secure than Telnet.

SSL

‘Secure Sockets Layer’ or SSL is the predecessor of the Transport Layer Security. These cryptographic protocols are essential for secure communication across unsecured networks such as the Internet.

A cryptographic protocol such as SSL ensures that data exchanged between web browsers and web servers remains private and integral. SSL is an industry-standard used by millions of websites for protecting online transactions of their customers.

Stats

Stats are records that show the number of views and visitors a WordPress blog or website has achieved in a set period. It also shows from which part of the world your website viewers have come from.

String

In computer science, strings are a finite sequence of characters (i.e., alphanumeric characters, symbols, punctuation marks). To identify a finite sequence of characters as strings, a programmer has to enclose them through quotation marks (either single or double).

Structure tags

Structure tags are a method of customizing WordPress permalinks. Structure tags help WordPress developers create permalinks that point to individual posts. These tags are usually enclosed in ‘%’ signs to separate them through other strings in the permalink. Some examples of structure tags are mentioned below:

  • %year%
  • %day%
  • %hour%
  • %minute%
  • %second%
  • %post_id%
  • %postname%
  • %category%
  • %author%
  • %postname%

Subversion

Subversion is a version control software used for maintaining and tracking updates and changes to various WordPress versions. The tool is open-source, and WordPress developers can use and modify depending on their use.

SVC

‘Switched Virtual Circuit’ or SVC is a virtual circuit turned temporarily on during a session of data transfers. It is a means for transporting data over a packet-switched network in a manner that it displays a dedicated physical layer link between the source and destination.

Tag

Tags are keywords that describe either the entire Post or parts of it. They are similar to categories but in a smaller scope. A single Post can have various tags, which may relate to it only distantly.

Tagline

A tagline is a phrase, which describes the characteristics or attributes of a blog in a concise manner. It is similar to a slogan or catch-line for web blogs.

Template

A template defines the structure, functions, and attributes of a certain part of web pages generated by a theme. For instance, the theme can have different template for the header area, a template for the sidebars, and a template for the content. Templates act like building blocks that construct a complete web page.

Template Tag

In WordPress Themes, template tags are a part of template files used for generating specific programming instructions. Developers use it to display generated information and content on a WordPress site. They are quite similar to functions used in programming languages that use the WordPress core for instructions in an easy manner.

For instance, the HTML title tag of a WordPress website can hold the bloginfo() template tag. The bloginfo() is responsible for requesting site tagline, the site title, and similar site information issued by the template tag parameters.

Text editor

text editor is an application that edits files in .txt or plain text format, which is different from the binary format. A non-text based word processing program such as Microsoft Word can corrupt your code if you use it to edit PHP scripts.

Since non-text-based applications introduce extra formatting to text files, they can be difficult to read for the interpreter. Text editors like Notepad, Atom, Visual Code, etc., do not add extra formatting. Therefore, they are ideal for editing code for websites.

Theme

A Theme in WordPress is a collection of files that produce a graphical front-end interface for a website. A theme has an underlying unifying design and provides WordPress developers with a basic visual structure for creating a website.

A WordPress Theme dictates the way a website is displayed or designed without changing the core programming of WordPress. A WordPress theme is customizable, and you can change it through PHP programming, WordPress conditional tags, WordPress template tags, and CSS.

Toolbar

A Toolbar is an area of the screen of a WordPress website that enlists useful admin screen links. You can use the toolbar to add a new post, edit the profile, and for many other website functions. A user can switch the toolbar on and off from the User Profile Screen.

Trackback

Trackback is a way of interconnecting blogs on WordPress. The Trackback function allows users to notify other authors that they have written something related to what other authors had written on their blogs.

Trackback doesn’t even need to link explicit links to any article for notifying other authors. It is used similarly as pingback and is an effective way of making references or acknowledgments in online blogs

Twitter Ads

Twitter Ads are a way of promoting tweets, trends, and accounts on Twitter. The Twitter Ads account is linked to the user’s own handle. There are different ways to display ads on Twitter, including Promoted Tweets, Promoted Trends, and Promoted Accounts. These ads are marked with a “promoted” icon.

After a business or person sponsors a trend, tweet, or an account, Twitter introduces sponsored content in the feed of other users. These messages are shown according to how a user interacts with Tweets and Twitter accounts.

Unicode

Unicode is a character encoding system, which programmers around the world support widely. To display characters, a computer has to enumerate them and break them down to binary language.

Therefore, it needs to develop an index of characters to standardize this process. These set of indexes are called character sets. These character sets are invaluable for users who want to develop a website in a language other than English.

Usually, a character uses 8 bits or a single byte of memory, and the traditional standard allows 256 different characters (including null). However, for languages that differ from Latin-based languages, 255 characters aren’t enough. Unicode presents a wide range of characters that enables speakers of other languages to encode their languages on websites.

URL

Universal Resource Locator or URL is the address of a specific website or file on the World Wide Web.

Example:
http://www.myfirstwordpresswebsite.com/
http://www. myfirstwordpresswebsite.com/rootfile/index.html

Website

In simple terms, a website or web site is a collection of related web resources. These resources can include web pages and multimedia content attributed with a common domain name and hosted on at least one web server. Notable examples of websites are google.com, facebook.com, wikipedia.org, and linkedin.com.

Webserver

A web server is a computer whose job is to host or ‘serve’ websites written in HTML. The software installed in these web servers allows it to connect to other infrastructure that aid in website hosting. One of the most common web server software is known as Apache. Web developers frequently use the language in conjunction with scripting languages such as Python, PHP, and Perl.

You can create your own web server that is hosted on a static IP. However, most people prefer hosting websites with the help of hosting providers. These providers facilitate hardware, adequate bandwidth, uptime, and maintenance for websites through purchase packages.

Widget

A widget is a constrained area of a web page that performs a specific function. Alternatively, it can also be the code that generates a self-contained area inside the web page. For instance, WordPress supports a built-in widget for displaying a list of pages in a blog’s sidebar. Moreover, it also supports another built-in widget for displaying a list of recently posted comments in the Dashboard. Themes and plugins can provide users with additional widgets.

Widget Area

A Widget Area is a default location in the source code of a WordPress Theme. It provides users an area to place Widgets in the theme or plugin.

WooCommerce

WooCommerce is a famous open-source e-commerce plugin that’s available on WordPress. The plugin is beneficial for small to large online merchants who use WordPress for designing their websites. The plugin integrates easily with an existing WordPress site, and users can turn their website into a fully functional e-commerce website in WordPress with the help of this plugin.

WordPress Forms

WordPress Forms is a beginner-friendly plugin for creating WordPress contact forms. It enables users to leverage from a drag & drop online form builder. This form builder makes it easy for users to create crisp contact forms, payment forms, email subscription forms, and various types of other online forms.

WordPress Security Audit Log

The WordPress Security Audit Log plugin is an activity log that tracks everything that happens on WordPress and WordPress multi-sites. The plugin makes sure that you can increase user productivity, troubleshoot problems, monitor users, identify suspicious behavior, and manage WordPress websites.

XFN

The ‘XHTML Friends Network’ or XFN is a decentralized project for supporting inter-blog links that display relationships between bloggers.

Example:
<a href=”http://writer-blog.example.org/” rel=”friend met”>Writer</a>

XHTML

Extensible HyperText Markup Language’ or XHTML is a W3C standard language which is responsible for dictating how all web pages are created. It is a combination of the mark-up language HTML and XML. Developers use XHTML in conjunction with CSS and JavaScript to create web pages on the internet.

XML

Extensible Markup Language’ or XML is a product of the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). It allows web developers to define their own markup language. XML is extremely helpful in sharing, describing, and transmitting data over the World Wide Web. When being used in conjunction with HTML, it defines data, whereas HTML displays the data.

XML-RPC

‘Extensible Markup Language-Remote Procedure Call’ or XML-RPC is a Remote Procedure Call (RPC). It allows users to call other applications and expect it to honor the request and answer back to your call. Therefore, XML-RPC allows developers to send requests that are formatted in XML to external applications.

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WordPress Gallery Plugins Installation
WordPress Gallery Plugins Installation